|Danger Meadows in the distance at the head of Kazakof Bay|
The archaeology of Kazakof Bay can be summed up in 2 words - 'drowned coastline'. The coastline is lined with spruce trees killed during the 1964 Great Alaskan Earthquake when the coastline sank around 5 feet in this part of the archipelago, and many of the tree trunks are still a few feet below the high tide line. There are very few beaches and it is clear that the coastline has been extensively reworked by erosion.
It's also clear that much of the archaeology has been washed away. In support of this idea, we only found 4 prehistoric sites, and one of those was an artifact scatter on a beach that represented a site that had already been obliterated by erosion. That means that there are now 6 or 7 known prehistoric sites in the whole bay, and that is not very many for such a big bay. We saw evidence for a lot of erosion during our Malina Bay survey (click here), but it seems far more of the coastline has been lost in Kazakof Bay.
One of the coolest things we did find was the remains of the WWII logging camp at Danger Bay. We even found an observation post where the soldiers kept a lookout for marauding Japanese planes and boats. Gregg and I imagined the bored soldiers smoking Lucky Strike cigarettes and playing cribbage while keeping an eye on an empty horizon. Patrick
|A prehistoric multiroom depression found while on survey|
|Checking out a beach - a lot of in-and-out of the kayaks while on survey|
|At high tide we could follow the creeks amazing distances inland|
|A WWII observation post|
|Debris associated with a WWII lumber mill|